If you are interested in cyber security and ethical hacking, a security-focused operating system is one of the most important things to have.
Having the right OS makes it easier for you to complete time-consuming and tedious tasks efficiently.
This article will demonstrate the simplest method for installing Linux on your systems. I will walk you through the process step by step.
What is Linux?
Linux is an operating system just like Windows, iOS, and Mac OS. In fact, the Linux operating system powers one of the world’s most popular platforms, Android.
The operating system controls communication between your software and hardware. The software would not work without the operating system (OS).
What is a distribution?
There are different versions of Linux for different types of users. These are known as Distributions or Distros. Debian, Ubuntu, and Linux Mint are a few examples.
Almost every Linux distribution is available for free download.
Which distribution is suitable for you?
If your computer knowledge is limited, you should stick with a beginner-friendly distribution like Linux Mint or Ubuntu.
If your skill set is above-average, you could use a distribution such as Debian or Fedora.
And If you’ve mastered the art of computer and system administration, use a distribution like Gentoo.
If you’re looking for a real challenge, you can use Linux From Scratch to create your own Linux distribution.
Many Linux-based operating systems are available right now, but Kali Linux is undoubtedly one of the best options.
Why should you use Kali Linux?
Kali Linux is a free, open-source operating system based on Debian GNU/Linux.
Kali Linux provides advanced penetration testing capabilities to security professionals and network administrators.
It includes many tools for hacking, forensics, analysis, exploitation, and auditing. It is developed by Offensive Security (OS).
Kali Linux is Free And Open Source Software
Open Source Software is customizable. Since it is open to modification, developers can customize the software to fit the specific needs of their customers. Anyone can access the source code and use it without paying licensing fees.
Kali Linux Has Many Built-in Penetration Testing Tools
Kali Linux comes preinstalled with over 200 penetration testing tools. These tools help you test your web application’s vulnerabilities, find out if your server is vulnerable to SQL injection attacks, scan networks for vulnerabilities, etc.
Kali Linux Is Very Easy To Install
You don’t need any special skills to install Kali Linux. You can easily install it on a virtual machine. You can also install it on your non-rooted android phone.
Kali Linux Includes Many Useful Features
Kali Linux includes many useful features such as a graphical interface, a command line interface, a web browser, SSH client, FTP client, HTTP proxy, IRC chat client, etc.
Kali Linux Can Be Used As A Live CD Or An Operating System
Kali Linux is what you need if you’re looking for a live CD or an operating system. You can boot from the CD or run it directly from the hard disk without installing it.
Kali Linux Has Great Documentation
The documentation included in Kali Linux is very detailed and covers almost everything about the OS. Many tutorials and videos online teach you how to use Kali Linux.
How to install Kali Linux
I will demonstrate how to install Kali Linux in Virtual Box in this tutorial. First, we must install virtual box in order to install Kali Linux on it.
Note: If you are using a low configuration PC, installing Virtual box may slow down your PC. But don’t worry. In this article, I will also show you how to install kali Linux in a Pendrive. So you can use kali Linux directly on your PC without installing Virtual box. But first, let me show you how to install kali Linux in a virtual box.
What is Virtual Box?
VirtualBox is a free software application that allows users to create and run their own virtual machines (VMs). A VM is a piece of software that emulates a computer system using hardware resources provided by the host operating system. Users can install Kali Linux on a virtual machine and use it just like they would any other physical PC.
How to install Virtual Box?
At first,you have to download Virtual box software Click here and download virtual box for your operating system.
Then Click here and download the Extension pack for virtual box.
Once you’ve downloaded these files, you’re ready to begin the installation process. double-click the VirtualBox software that you previously downloaded.
Click on Next
Leave everything as it is now and click next.
Again Click on next
Click Yes to continue.
Click on the install button.
Click on Yes
Now, wait for the installation process to finish.
when the installation is complete, Select Finish to launch the virtual box.
Go to preferences
Click on Extensions
Click On the Plus (+) icon.
Select the extension that you previously downloaded.
Click on install to install the extension pack.
If it requests permission, simply grant it.
Congratulation, Your virtual box is now fully installed. Now You can install Kali Linux on it.
You must first download the iso file to install Kali Linux on Virtual Box. Visit the Kali Linux download page by Clicking here. and then press the download button to get it.
After downloading the ISO file, launch VirtualBox and select the New option to create a new virtual machine. The name and Machine Folder can be changed to whatever you want. However, you must select the Debian version (64-bit). Then press the next button.
Choose how much RAM you want to use with Kali Linux. 1GB of memory is recommended. However, you can scale it up if you have a lot of RAM.
Now select Create a Virtual hard disk and click on create button.
Select VDI(VirtualBox Disk image) and click Next
Select Dynamically allocated and click Next
You must choose the size of the virtual hard disk. It is determined by the amount of storage available on your computer. Kali Linux can run with 20GB of storage space.
You created your virtual machine. now select it and go to settings
You can control how much processor Linux can use in System settings. Two cores are sufficient. However, if you have a good CPU, you can increase it.
In the Display setting, You can set video memory to 128MB. And leave other settings as default.
In The Storage Setting, Click on the Disk icon called Empty.
Now click on the Disk icon to add the Disk file (Follow Screenshots)
Select the Kali Linux iso file that you have previously downloaded.
Click On OK
Select your virtual Machine And Click Start
Choose graphical install and press Enter.
Choose your preferred language, And click Continue.
Select Your country, or leave it as it is. Then click continue.
Select Keymap to American English or whatever you prefer. And click continue.
You don’t need to change the host name. Click on continue.
Leave Domain Name Blank. And Click Continue
It’s now time to choose a username. This username will be used to log in.
Create a Password. This password will be required to log in.
Configure your clock now. You can also use the default settings. Simply click the Continue button.
Then select Guided- use entire disk and click Continue.
Select your partition disk and click continue
Select All files in one partition and click continue
Now select Finish Partitioning and write changes to disk And click on Continue.
Select Yes and Click on continue
Wait sometimes to complete this process.
Leave Everything Default and click continue.
Select Yes and click Continue
Select your Disk and click continue
Now click on continue. This will reboot your system.
After rebooting you will see login interface of kali linux. Enter your Username and Password and Click Log in.
Congratulation, you have successfully installed kali Linux on a virtual machine. Great job!
Now I’ll show you how to run Kali Linux from a USB flash drive. as a result, you do not need to install Virtual box.
How to install Kali Linux On a USB Flash Drive
Your hacking lab can be set up on a Pendrive. To do this, you must first download two files. Don’t worry all of these files are free.
Make sure that You downloaded the Live iso file from my Link. Download The recommended version by clicking on the download icon.
Now connect your Pendrive to your PC & Double click, and install Rufus software. If it asks for check online update, just click No
Under the Boot Section, click on SELECT
Now select the Kali Linux Live iso file that you previously downloaded.
Scale up your Persistent Partition Size. Select half of your memory size. For example, if you have a 64 GB Pendrive, then Select 32GB. You can change the Volume label to Kali Linux. Now click on Start.
It will take some time to complete. After some time, the status bar will turn green. This means your Pendrive is now bootable.
Now restart your computer and press the F12 key to enter the boot menu. You may have a different key to enter the Boot menu. Search on google to find the right key for you. And Ensure your bootable Pendrive is plugged in.
Your Pendrive’s name will appear in the boot menu. To get there, use the arrow keys on your keyboard. and then press Enter.
Then You will see Kali Linux live Boot Menu. Select Live system (persistence, check kali.org/prst) And Press Enter.
You have successfully installed Kali Linux on your Pendrive/USB Flash Drive.
I hope you understand everything. If you have any problems, feel free to ask questions in the comment section.
How much ram is required for Kali Linux?
On the low end, you can use 128 MB of RAM (512 MB recommended) and 2 GB of disk space to set up Kali Linux as a basic Secure Shell (SSH) server with no desktop.
Is Kali Linux Free?
Kali Linux is completely free of charge and always will be. You will never, ever have to pay for Kali Linux.
Can I use Kali Linux on Windows 10?
Yes, you can use Kali Linux on windows 10 by the help of VirtualBox.
Why do hackers use kali Linux?
Kali Linux is a free, convenient, and highly secure Linux operating system that also includes over 600 information security tools. Kali Linux is popular among hackers because it includes security analysis, security auditing, and penetration testing.
Is Kali Linux Faster Than Windows?
Linux has excellent performance. Even on older hardware, it is much faster, smoother, and faster. Windows 10 is slower than Linux because it runs batches in the background, which requires good hardware to run.
Kali Linux is not just a distribution for hacking purposes but also a great distribution for learning how to use Linux. It comes with many preinstalled tools, including several penetration testing tools. These tools allow you to test your computer’s security and find vulnerabilities in your systems.